xsltproc - command line XSLT processor


xsltproc [[-V | --version] [-v | --verbose] [{-o | --output} {FILE | DIRECTORY}] | --timing | --repeat | --debug | --novalid | --noout | --maxdepth \fBVALUE\fR | --html | --encoding \fBENCODING\fR | --param \fBPARAMNAME\fR\fBPARAMVALUE\fR | --stringparam \fBPARAMNAME\fR\fBPARAMVALUE\fR | --nonet | --path "\fBPATH(S)\fR" | --load-trace | --catalogs | --xinclude | [--profile | --norman] | --dumpextensions | --nowrite | --nomkdir | --writesubtree \fBPATH\fR | --nodtdattr] [STYLESHEET] {XML-FILE | -}


xsltproc is a command line tool for applying XSLT stylesheets to XML documents. It is part of libxslt(3), the XSLT C library for GNOME. While it was developed as part of the GNOME project, it can operate independently of the GNOME desktop.

xsltproc is invoked from the command line with the name of the stylesheet to be used followed by the name of the file or files to which the stylesheet is to be applied. It will use the standard input if a filename provided is - .

If a stylesheet is included in an XML document with a Stylesheet Processing Instruction, no stylesheet need to be named at the command line. xsltproc will automatically detect the included stylesheet and use it.

By default, output is to stdout. You can specify a file for output using the -o or --output option.


xsltproc accepts the following options (in alphabetical order):

    Use the SGML catalog specified in SGML_CATALOG_FILES to resolve the location of external entities. By default, xsltproc looks for the catalog specified in XML_CATALOG_FILES. If that is not specified, it uses /etc/xml/catalog.

    Output an XML tree of the transformed document for debugging purposes.

    Dumps the list of all registered extensions on stdout.

    The input document is an HTML file.

    Display all the documents loaded during the processing to stderr.

--maxdepth \fBVALUE\fR
    Adjust the maximum depth of the template stack before libxslt(3) concludes it is in an infinite loop. The default is 3000.

    Do not apply default attributes from the document\'s DTD.

    Refuses to create directories.

    Do not use the Internet to fetch DTDs, entities or documents.

    Do not output the result.

    Skip loading the document\'s DTD.

    Refuses to write to any file or resource.

-o or --output FILE | DIRECTORY
    Direct output to the given FILE. Using the option with a DIRECTORY directs the output files to the specified directory. This can be useful for multiple outputs (also known as "chunking") or manpage processing.

.it 1 an-trap
Important The given directory must already exist.

.it 1 an-trap
Note Make sure that FILE and DIRECTORY follow the « URI reference computation » as described in RFC 2396 and laters. This means, that e.g. -o directory will maybe not work, but -o directory/ will.

Also note that if there is no output to xsltproc, FILE will not be created at all. An empty file will not be created.

--encoding \fBENCODING\fR
    Allow to specify the encoding for the input.

    Pass a parameter of name PARAMNAME and value PARAMVALUE to the stylesheet. You may pass multiple name/value pairs up to a maximum of 32. If the value being passed is a string, you can use --stringparam instead, to avoid additional quote characters that appear in string expressions. Note: the XPath expression must be UTF-8 encoded.

--path "\fBPATH(S)\fR"
    Use the (space- or colon-separated) list of filesystem paths specified by PATHS to load DTDs, entities or documents. Enclose space-separated lists by quotation marks.

--profile or --norman
    Output profiling information detailing the amount of time spent in each part of the stylesheet. This is useful in optimizing stylesheet performance.

    Run the transformation 20 times. Used for timing tests.

    Pass a parameter of name PARAMNAME and value PARAMVALUE where PARAMVALUE is a string rather than a node identifier. Note: The string must be UTF-8 encoded.

    Display the time used for parsing the stylesheet, parsing the document and applying the stylesheet and saving the result. Displayed in milliseconds.

-v or --verbose
    Output each step taken by xsltproc in processing the stylesheet and the document.

-V or --version
    Show the version of libxml(3) and libxslt(3) used.

--writesubtree \fBPATH\fR
    Allow file write only within the PATH subtree.

    Process the input document using the XInclude specification. More details on this can be found in the XInclude specification: http://www.w3.org/TR/xinclude/


    SGML catalog behavior can be changed by redirecting queries to the user\'s own set of catalogs. This can be done by setting the SGML_CATALOG_FILES environment variable to a list of catalogs. An empty one should deactivate loading the default /etc/sgml/catalog catalog.

    XML catalog behavior can be changed by redirecting queries to the user\'s own set of catalogs. This can be done by setting the XML_CATALOG_FILES environment variable to a list of catalogs. An empty one should deactivate loading the default /etc/xml/catalog catalog.


xsltproc return codes provide information that can be used when calling it from scripts.

    No error (normal operation)

    No argument

    Too many parameters

    Unknown option

    Failed to parse the stylesheet

    Error in the stylesheet

    Error in one of the documents

    Unsupported xsl:output method

    String parameter contains both quote and double-quotes

    Internal processing error

    Processing was stopped by a terminating message

    Could not write the result to the output file


libxml(3), libxslt(3)

More information can be found at

    \h'-04'\h'+03'libxml(3) web page http://www.xmlsoft.org/

    \h'-04'\h'+03'W3C XSLT page http://www.w3.org/TR/xslt


John Fleck <>

4 Author.


Copyright © 2001, 2002