mutt - The Mutt Mail User Agent


mutt [-nRyzZ] [-e cmd] [-F file] [-m type] [-f file]

mutt [-nx] [-e cmd] [-F file] [-H file] [-i file] [-s subj] [-b addr] [-c addr] [-a file [...] --] addr [...]

mutt [-nx] [-e cmd] [-F file] [-s subj] [-b addr] [-c addr] [-a file [...] --] addr [...] < message

mutt [-n] [-e cmd] [-F file] -p

mutt [-n] [-e cmd] [-F file] -A alias

mutt [-n] [-e cmd] [-F file] -Q query

mutt -v[v]

mutt -D


Mutt is a small but very powerful text based program for reading and sending electronic mail under unix operating systems, including support for color terminals, MIME, OpenPGP, and a threaded sorting mode.

Note: This manual page gives a brief overview of mutt's command line options. You should find a copy of the full manual in /usr/share/doc, in text, HTML, and/or PDF format.


-A alias An expanded version of the given alias is passed to stdout.

-a file [...] Attach a file to your message using MIME. When attaching single or multiple files, separating filenames and recipient addresses with "--" is mandatory, e.g. mutt -a image.jpg -- addr1 or mutt -a img.jpg *.png -- addr1 addr2. The -a option must be placed at the end of command line options.

-b address Specify a blind-carbon-copy (BCC) recipient

-c address Specify a carbon-copy (CC) recipient

-d \fIlevel\fp If mutt was complied with +DEBUG log debugging output to ~/.muttdebug0. Level can range from 1-5 and effects verbosity. A value of 2 is recommended.

-D Print the value of all configuration options to stdout.

-e command Specify a configuration command to be run after processing of initialization files.

-f mailbox Specify which mailbox to load.

-F muttrc Specify an initialization file to read instead of ~/.muttrc

-h Display help.

-H draft Specify a draft file which contains header and body to use to send a message.

-i include Specify a file to include into the body of a message.

-m type specify a default mailbox type for newly created folders.

-n Causes Mutt to bypass the system configuration file.

-p Resume a postponed message.

-Q query Query a configuration variables value. The query is executed after all configuration files have been parsed, and any commands given on the command line have been executed.

-R Open a mailbox in read-only mode.

-s subject Specify the subject of the message.

-v Display the Mutt version number and compile-time definitions.

-vv Display license and copyright information.

-x Emulate the mailx compose mode.

-y Start Mutt with a listing of all mailboxes specified by the mailboxes command.

-z When used with -f, causes Mutt not to start if there are no messages in the mailbox.

-Z Causes Mutt to open the first mailbox specified by the mailboxes command which contains new mail.

-- Treat remaining arguments as addr even if they start with a dash. See also "-a" above.


EDITOR Specifies the editor to use if VISUAL is unset.

EMAIL The user's e-mail address.

HOME Full path of the user's home directory.

MAIL Full path of the user's spool mailbox.

MAILDIR Full path of the user's spool mailbox if MAIL is unset. Commonly used when the spool mailbox is a

maildir (5) folder.

MAILCAPS Path to search for mailcap files.

MM_NOASK If this variable is set, mailcap are always used without prompting first.

PGPPATH Directory in which the user's PGP public keyring can be found.

TMPDIR Directory in which temporary files are created.

REPLYTO Default Reply-To address.

VISUAL Specifies the editor to use when composing messages.


~/.muttrc or ~/.mutt/muttrc User configuration file.

/etc/Muttrc System-wide configuration file.

/tmp/muttXXXXXX Temporary files created by Mutt.

~/.mailcap User definition for handling non-text MIME types.

/etc/mailcap System definition for handling non-text MIME types.

~/.mime.types User's personal mapping between MIME types and file extensions.

/etc/mime.types System mapping between MIME types and file extensions.

/usr/bin/mutt_dotlock The privileged dotlocking program.

/usr/share/doc/mutt/manual.txt.gz The Mutt manual.


None. Mutts have fleas, not bugs.


Suspend/resume while editing a file with an external editor does not work under SunOS 4.x if you use the curses lib in /usr/5lib. It does work with the S-Lang library, however.

Resizing the screen while using an external pager causes Mutt to go haywire on some systems.

Suspend/resume does not work under Ultrix.

The help line for the index menu is not updated if you change the bindings for one of the functions listed while Mutt is running.

For a more up-to-date list of bugs, errm, fleas, please visit the mutt project's bug tracking system under http://bugs.mutt.org/.


This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.


R curses (3),

R mailcap (5),

R maildir (5),

R mbox (5),

R mutt_dotlock (1),

R muttrc (5),

R ncurses (3),

R sendmail (1),

R smail (1).

Mutt Home Page: http://www.mutt.org/

The Mutt manual


Michael Elkins, and others. Use < > to contact the developers.